Toyota has revealed its latest vehicle safety systems, which focus on protecting both older drivers and pedestrians. This is a response to Japanese road accident statistics which show more than half of road traffic deaths are of people aged 65 and over. Pedestrian fatalities total more than vehicle occupants.Pre-Crash Safety (PCS) With Collision-Avoidance Assist
PCS can currently predict an imminent collision, instigating measures which help to reduce damage and the risk of injury.
The latest version of the technology has been designed to help prevent a collision happening. A millimetre-wave radar and miniature camera monitor the road ahead and can help avoid a collision should the driver fail to apply the brakes.
Further developments are being made which will help the driver steer a safe course in an emergency situation by monitoring a range of external factors such as roadside obstacles and approaching vehicles. Collision risks can be calculated and the vehicle's course can be changed helping to avoid an accident.Adaptive Driving Beam
Toyota first introduced automatic high beam functions two years ago, which can switch the headlights to low beam when tail lights or headlights of another vehicle are detected by a camera. When the road is clear, the high beam will be switched back on.
Adaptive Driving Beam improves on this technology by partially shielding the high beam light to prevent it shining into the face of drivers in vehicles ahead and still providing near to high beam illumination of the road.Pop Up Bonnet
Using data from crash test dummies and from virtual-human computer models - Total Human Model for Safety (THUMS), TOyota has developed vehicle body structures to reduce the risk of injury to pedestrians and other road users.
A new pop-up bonnet can reduce the risk of head injury to pedestrians in a collision by automatically raising the bonnet, increasing the space between the bonnet and engine.Emergency Response Technology
In the event that a driver collapses at the wheel - from a heart attack or black out - Toyota has developed a system which, through the use of the driver's grip on the steering wheel, monitors cardio-vascular functions.
Toyota is planning further research with an aim to bring a system to market. Recently Toyota has presented details of the concept to the Japan Medical Congress.
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