Nissan Motor Co Ltd announced today that it has begun operations at its newly constructed Nissan Advanced Crash Laboratory (NACL) located at the company’s Oppama Proving Ground in Yokosuka City, 50 km southwest of Tokyo. The 40,000 square metre, state-of-the-art laboratory will be used for testing safety performance in vehicle-to-vehicle crashes and occupant protection performance in rollover accidents.
"We are very excited to have opened our second crash test facility in Japan," said Kimiyasu Nakamura, senior vice president at Nissan. "Nissan Advanced Crash Laboratory will go a long way to support the development of improved safety systems for Nissan’s vehicles under our Safety Shield approach."
Safety Shield encompasses Nissan’s safety-related technologies that address both accident prevention and management. Under this approach, which was introduced in fiscal year 2004, Nissan believes that the driver is key to improved safety when it comes to helping to prevent an accident from occurring. Nissan’s focus is on how the company can best support the driver with technology that helps him or her avoid an accident or minimises damage in case of a crash.
Nissan’s other crash test facility is located at the Nissan Technical Center in Atsugi, Kanagawa and is used for conducting vehicle tests using rigid or movable barriers.
At NACL, tests designed to reproduce vehicle-to-vehicle crashes can be conducted over a wide range of collision angles from 85 to 185 degrees in 5-degree increments, in addition to frontal collisions at 180 degrees and side collisions at 90 degrees.
Oblique-angle crashes between vehicles travelling in the same direction can also be reproduced at seven different collision angles of 5, 10, 15, 30, 45, 60 and 75 degrees.
At NACL, Nissan can also evaluate occupant protection performance in four types of rollover crash modes through a dolly rollover test*1, a trip-over test*2, a ditch rollover test*3 and a corkscrew test*4. The tests were developed by Nissan based on real-world accident analysis.